First all-nighter ever!

So, 4 years into my university degree, 21 years into my life, I have finally experienced my first all-nighter ever. And, if I have anything to do with it, my last all-nighter ever. I had about 9 days to write a 2,500 word essay on a very broad essay title. I submitted it at 7 … Continue reading First all-nighter ever!

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Dementia

Before I started medical school I volunteered at a nursing home full of elderly people with dementia. It was honestly heart-breaking. I would go in and introduce myself to the same people every Saturday. There was this one lady who would always tell me about the buttons on her cardigan and how she didn't like her … Continue reading Dementia

Neurofibromatosis

Neurofibromatosis Definition: an autosomal dominant genetic disorder affecting cells of neural crest origin (e.g. melanocytes, craniofacial cartilage and bone, smooth muscle, peripheral and enteric neurones and glia), resulting in development of multiple neurocutaneous tumours. Type 1 neurofibromatosis (NF1, von Recklinghausen's disease)- characterised by peripheral and spinal neurofibromas, multiple café-au-lait spots, freckling, optic nerve glioma, Lisch … Continue reading Neurofibromatosis

Wernicke’s Encephalopathy

Wernicke's Encephalopathy Definition: Thiamine deficiency with a classical triad of confusion, ataxia, and ophthalmoplegia. Aetiology/ risk factors: -Thiamine (Vitamin B1) deficiency -inadequate dietary intake -reduced GI absorption -impaired utilisation = focal areas of brain damage, including periaqueductal punctate haemorrhages -Often seen in chronic alcoholism -Also: eating disorders, malnutrition, prolonged vomiting e.g. with chemo, GI malignancy, … Continue reading Wernicke’s Encephalopathy